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Vinyl Composition Tile (VCT) has been a staple in commercial flooring for many years due to its durability and cost-effectiveness. While it requires regular maintenance to keep its appearance, its longevity, especially in high-traffic areas, has made it a favorite among many businesses. 

Composition: VCT is made from a blend of natural limestone, filler materials, thermoplastic binder, and color pigments. As the name suggests, it's a composition of these materials that gives VCT its distinctive character.


  • Preparation: As with other vinyl products, a smooth, clean, and dry subfloor is crucial. Imperfections can show through over time.

  • Process: VCT is typically glued down using a special adhesive. The tiles are then rolled with a floor roller to ensure they adhere well and that any air bubbles are eliminated.

Design and Appearance:

VCT typically comes in 12x12 inch tiles, though other sizes can be available.

It's available in a wide range of colors and patterns. However, the design is more uniform compared to luxury vinyl tiles (LVT) that mimic natural materials.

Durability and Maintenance:

VCT is known for its durability, which is why it's a popular choice in high-traffic commercial areas.

After installation, VCT often requires an initial polish and regular polishing thereafter to maintain its shine and protect the tile.

Regular sweeping and mopping are essential. When the floor starts to lose its shine, it can be stripped and re-polished.


VCT is moisture-resistant but not waterproof. Prolonged exposure to water can lead to adhesive breakdown and tile warping.

It's also less resistant to scratches and dents compared to luxury vinyl tiles (LVT) or planks (LVP).

Environmental Impact:

VCT is less environmentally friendly than some newer types of flooring because of its PVC content and the need for regular polishing and maintenance.

However, some manufacturers have made efforts to produce VCT with recycled content.

Health Considerations:

As with other vinyl products, VCT can potentially emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs). It's essential to ensure adequate ventilation during and after installation. Over time, VOC emissions decrease.

Using low-VOC adhesives during installation can further reduce potential health concerns.

Acoustic Properties:

VCT doesn't have the best acoustic properties. In settings where noise reduction is essential, additional underlayment or alternative flooring might be considered.


One of the primary reasons for VCT's popularity, especially in commercial settings, is its cost-effectiveness. It offers a durable flooring solution at a relatively low cost per square foot. However, one should also consider the costs associated with regular maintenance and polishing.


With proper care and maintenance, VCT can last for decades. However, its appearance might degrade over time, especially in high-traffic areas, necessitating regular polishing or replacement of individual tiles.

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